• Abstract ITRD No. E109210

  • Approximately 27% of total OECD CO2 emissions come from transport. Within this, road-based transport accounts for approximately 80%. The OECD Road Transport and Intermodal Linkages Research Programme established a Working Group to undertake a comprehensive study on CO2 emissions from road transport, with the aim of providing a useful framework for assessing the strategies of the road transport sector in reducing emissions on a global scale. The Kyoto Protocol seeks an average 5.2% reduction in economy-wide greenhouse gases emissions compared to 1990 levels in industrialised countries and countries in transition (Annex I parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change) by 2008 -12. Given recent developments in transport growth, it would be very challenging for the road transport sector in OECD countries to achieve substantial reductions in CO2 emissions over the same period. However, measures exist that can contribute to alleviate the road transport share of greenhouse gases. The most effective approach to reducing GHG emissions by private cars and road transport should involve a package or combination of measures, such as:

Voluntary agreement between vehicle manufacturers and government to produce low-fuel consumption vehicles; graduated vehicle taxes; fuel taxes and excise duties; consumer information; and promotion of greater fuel efficiency in the different sectors involved. Field classification: Environment highway and transport planning. Field number: 15, 21. Keywords: Air pollution, carbon dioxide, environment, evaluation, fuel, fuel consumption, gas, greenhouse gas emissions, tax, traffic, traffic control, traffic restraint, transport, vehicle.

Quantum petroleum’s inherent technology strength and manufacturing believe that we have CO2 REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY FOR the Gasoline and diesel Engines.

We believe we have reduced CO2 emissions from Trucks. Between 20-25%, we have derived this number when approximately eight to ten clients failed the testing on CO2 emission when the vehicle had to obtain an approval by the Road Transport Authority in Malaysia.

Each vehicle failed the testing between 5-6 times, Quantum Petroleum stepped in “Flushed the engine with high intense flush that is formulated with Virgin Base Oils, then placed new Lubricants, Every Truck and have passed with flying colours.  Quantum is the only company in the world that guarantees its quality, in passengers’ vehicles we are presently obtaining up to 30% in fuel saving and sometimes more, and in trucks we are obtaining Ringgit 25.00 (AU$10.00) less diesel fuel per carrying 40” container over 300KM, some Trucks are obtaining as much as 80% less maintenance, this is obtained on a regular basis. Perhaps we are the only company in the world that are achieving a CO2 reduction of around 20-25%.

We are on the final leg on R & D to have the last evaluation and measure into the CO2, whereas their limitations are better understood. We will define these testing, assumptions, hypotheses and links between parameters, shortcomings and accuracy of the results. Model limitations can affect cost-benefit assessments of CO2 and GHG reductions expected to result.   

  • A major element we directed towards improved fuel efficiency should be an emphasis on very low-fuel consumption vehicles coupled with fuel taxes and road pricing. (this will have worldwide impact).
  • Extensive research & development is being undertaken with effective lubricants to implement of low emission to all vehicles.
  • Assessments of fuel efficiency and GHG emissions need to be based on the real use of vehicles rather than on “official cycle” estimates.
  • Alternative lubricant, for all vehicles, fuel cell generators and other new technologies offer prospects for reducing CO2 emissions, but evaluations need to encompass the overall CO2 and GHG changes, taking into account those released during fuel production.

Greenhouse gas emissions from transport Naturally occurring greenhouse gases include water vapour, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and ozone (O3). Emissions from transport, and especially motor vehicles, add considerably to the levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Transport accounts for approximately 27% of total CO2 emissions in OECD countries. Road transport generally accounts for approximately 55-99% of greenhouse gases from transport. Of this, two-thirds are attributable to the private car – primarily in the form of CO2. We have guaranteed up to 30% extra fuel reduction in gasoline passenger Vehicles and around 15-20% in trucks in Diesel fuel, further minimised 20-25% less emission and up to 80% less repair and maintenance. 

We have researched and tackled the problem as follows;

Higher compression ratio. Here, we are limited by auto ignition of the petrol or fuel knock. That is, if the petrol engine compression is above about 10.5, unless the octane number of the fuel is high, knocking combustion occurs.

However, the diesel engine is not subject to this limitation. It runs at high compression ratio. In part, this explains its high efficiency. It also runs lean, and its pumping work is low, further increasing its efficiency over the gasoline engine. Humankind needs quiet, smoke-free, odor-free diesels!

We need new cycles put into practical use. An example is the Atkinson cycle. This has a smaller compression ratio than expansion ratio. This means Tc is reduced since the burnt gas cool as they expand, making the cycle efficient. We throw away less waste heat via the exhaust. 

1.  Run the engine at optimum conditions, meaning low friction (modest engine speed) and low pumping work (air throttle more open) try to approach the “pushing-the-piston” efficiency of 35%.

2.   A typical passenger vehicle emits about 4.6 metric ton of carbon dioxide per year. This assumes the average gasoline vehicle on the road today has a fuel economy of about 22.0 miles (35.40Km) per gallon (4.5 litres) and drives around 11,500 miles (18,500 km) per year. Every gallon/ litre of gasoline burned creates about 8,887 grams (8,887 Kg) of CO2

3.   We have reduce fuel economy of 35.4km per 4.5 litres down by 30% (guaranteed), that is less 10.62km deducted, in fact this would mean that we are able to deduct 2,666gr, or 2.666kg CO2  

95% of vehicles are obtaining the following:

  • Longer life oil change
  • Reliability and economic benefits
  • Reducing emission (green and helping the environment)
  • Less friction and faster vehicle
  • Reducing heat in engine
  • Reducing formation of wear particles.
  • Best reduced maintenance ever.
  • Vehicle reliability means more time on the road.